Friday, December 27, 2019
Gabrielle Rechler Final Art History Paper The Influences of Rome on the Byzantine Empire The legal, cultural, and structural developments during the Roman Empire (753 BCE- 476 CE) have had an effect on Western civilization. Influenced by the ideals of the ancient Greeks, the empire lived through many worldwide transformations that changed the way in which emperors governed and ruled the Roman people, and these adaptations can be seen in the style of artwork in each Roman reign. One of the most notable changes in art style is in the Late Empire Period, during the third and fourth centuries, where the change in government, from imperial rule to the tetrarchy, led artists to focus on the message of the piece rather than the individual represented, and become more abstract and geometric rather than classical and individualistic.[footnoteRef:1] Another notable period of change was under Constantine I, who overthrew the tetrarchy, and was the first Roman emperor to embrace Christianity. [1: Marilyn Stokstad and Michael W. Cothren, Art History. 4th ed., Vol 1 (London: Laurenc e King Publishing, 2011), 207.] During his reign, art combined the geometric style from the tetrarchy with a touch of the previous verism, demonstrating Constantine?s independent power. However, after his rule, the Roman Empire once again divided into two rulers: one for the eastern parts, and one for the western parts. In the east, the Byzantine Empire developed under the Theodosian DynastyShow MoreRelatedEssay on Roman Influence on Byzantine Empire and Islamic Societies1584 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesMother of the World Ã¢â¬Å"The mother of the world has been killed,Ã¢â¬ stated a 5th century historian, bereft and appalled when the news of RomeÃ¢â¬â¢s fall had reached ear. Certainly his words hold truth, for Rome - the dauntingly colossal Empire engulfing the Mediterranean and all territories around it; the source of artistic, intellectual, and cultural ascendancy; the influential factor of brilliance in so many of the coexisting societies of the western world - was truly the predecessor and creator of allRead MoreJustinian And The Byzantine Empire1568 Words Ã |Ã 7 Pages In 527 AD, Justinian took control of the Byzantine Empire. Although it is currently referred to as the Byzantine Empire, many citizens and leaders, including Justinian, considered themselves to be Roman and part of the Roman Empire. This mentality led to the revival of the Roman Empire in Byzantine and in its capital, Constantinople. During his rule, Justinian led the empire to its greatest size both in the amount of controlled land and influence over groups in Europe and Asia. He also contributedRead MoreThe Byzantine Empire And Islamic Calliphates1023 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Byzantine Empire vs The Islamic Caliphates Before 1450 The Byzantine and Islamic Empires both had their similarities and differences in the way they governed. Islamic caliphates and the Byzantine Empire both appointed their political leaders as religious leaders why? Because they both have more power over their people. They would control the areas laws and duties but also their religion. The big difference of the two empires was their religious practices, The Islamic caliphates consisted ofRead MoreComparison of Byzantine Empire and Ancient Rome Essay806 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesthe Byzantine Empire and Ancient Roman have similar aspects, but each one made it unique. To better understand the similarities and differences of the Byzantine Empire and Ancient Romans one must look at each civilizationÃ¢â¬â¢s cultural ideas, religion, dependence on lower class. The Byzantine Empire and Ancient RomansÃ¢â¬â¢ cultural ideas, religion, dependence on lower class portray commonalities between these two civilizations. Both the Byzantine Empire and Ancient Romans had Roman influences whichRead MoreWestern Civilization Of The Byzantine Empire1195 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesÃ Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã Ã 11/16/17 The Byzantine Empire at its peak was the most advanced in its culture, economic structure and military. Ã With its many expanding and contracting moments during its period of growth it was centered around, and a major part of the Roman Empire. Ã Ã Ã It was called the New Rome, and was influenced by Greeks, Romans, and the Roman Catholic Church.(Bauer, 11) Ã It mainly was the purpose of retrieving much of the old Roman Empire. Ã It was located there because it was surroundedRead Morethe roman empire is the greatest civilization of all time1187 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesThe Roman Empire was the period of time after the Roman Republic and before the Byzantine Empire from 29 B.C. to A.D. 476. It was the highest point of Roman civilization, greater than any prior empires and towers over even the empires after it; it triumphed over the world . The Roman Republic was what built up the foundation for the Roman Empire. During the Republic, a small group of people started from scratch and developed their own systems, which later develops into the Roman Empire. The strongRead MoreWhy The Rise And Fall Of The Byzantine Empire1637 Words Ã |Ã 7 PagesShepherd Warren HH-215 Major Mitchell 1 May 2015 Why The Rise and Fall of The Byzantine Empire The Byzantine Empire, or the Eastern Roman Empire, was one of the largest the world has ever seen and it remained so powerful for many reasons but like every empire, it would fall. In 330 A.D., The Roman Emperor Constantine I chose Byzantium to become the new Roman Capitol, he named it Constantinople. The site of Byzantium was originally created to serve as a trade point between Europe and Asia Minor butRead MoreReasons Why The Roman Catholics And The Eastern Orthodox Split1327 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesThere are many logical reasons why the Roman Catholics and the Eastern Orthodox split. Those in Constantinople and those in Rome believed to head the Church as the state. The Eastern areas of the Church used Greek in the church while the West used Latin, automatically this lead divergence in thought. The difference fueled confusion. The Eastern Church did not accept the claims of supremacy made by the pope. The remaining Churches were, despite several temporary periods of schism united until 1054Read MoreA Short Note On The Arch Of Constantine887 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesRoman Empire and the founder of the Byzantine Empire. His legacy is known for his bold changes and accomplishments in uniting the empire making it become more powerful once again and his outlawing of paganism, and curbing Christians from persecutions. The Arch of Constantine was erected between 312 and 315 AD., in Rome adjacent to the Coliseum to commemorate ConstantineÃ¢â¬â¢s triumph over Maxentius in a victory that united the empire and insured its transition into the Eastern Roman Empire knownRead MoreThe Influence Of The Renaissance1290 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pageswas known as the Ã¢â¬Å"Cradle of Western Civilization.Ã¢â¬ The Roman Empire in its glory was considered the pinnacle of culture and technology. However, century upon century of wars, famine, plague, internal strife and decay finally took their toll and everything came crashing down plunging the Western Roman Empire into the dark ages. However, mankind is resilient, in the waning days of the dark ages having survived years of war, toppling of empires, unrest and the black plague, a new day was dawning on western
Thursday, December 19, 2019
For countless young adults after high school the next stepping stone is college, however, students are not only learning from the classes they attend, but also from the parties. Consequently, they are being introduced to alcohol and plenty of it; learning how to shotgun a beer or attempt a keg stand is all the rage. Suddenly, people are viewing college binge drinking as a right of passage for even their youngest students. Thus, demands the questioning of lowering the drinking age to counteract college binge drinking. Ã¢â¬Å"The reality is that at age 18 in this country, one is a legal adult. Young people view 21 as utterly arbitraryÃ¢â¬âwhich it is. And because the explanation given them is so condescendingÃ¢â¬âthat they lack maturity and judgment,Ã¢â¬ ¦show more contentÃ¢â¬ ¦In fact, of all underage drinking, some 90 percent is consumed through binge drinking [as of March 2014]Ã¢â¬ (Hall). That being said, by making alcohol more readily available it will reduce pregaming and excessive drinking on and off campus. Ã¢â¬Å" The main consequence of this law has been to drive college-age alcohol consumption underground, which has in all likelihood increased that consumption and probably actually increased drunk driving,Ã¢â¬ says Gordon. Nevertheless, pregaming can lead to heavily intoxicated individuals driving drunk to their final party destination; which could cause more alcohol related traffic fatalities. By lowering the drinking age young adults could safely drink a reasonable amount of alcohol, legally, without the fear of getting in trouble for doing so. Next, by lowering the drinking age, it would reduce college binge drinking by promoting safer drinking habits. Ã¢â¬Å"The problem here is obvious. If a 21-year-old woman overindulges at the bar, the bartender, friends, or even other patrons can encourage her to stop. If she becomes ill or injured, someone is there to helpÃ¢â¬ (Hall). Drinking legally in public can be beneficial in saving lives and an overall sense of safety for young adults. A bartender is responsible for each person they serve and for their safety. If you had too much to drink at a party would your friends assume the responsibility of your well being? Ordinarily, a bartender will execute everything in theirShow MoreRelatedCause Effect of Binge Drinking Essay1247 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pagesunplanned sexual activity all have in common? They are all frequent results of binge drinking by college students. On a typical Friday or Saturday night you can find the average college student out drinking and having fun. Normally partying with friends at a party, bar, or club; most of these college students are underage consuming excessive amounts of alcohol, or as its better known, Ã¢â¬Å"binge drinking.Ã¢â¬ The term binge drinking is defined as the consumption of five or more drinks in a row by men and fourRead MoreIs It Really Just College?1033 Words Ã |Ã 5 PagesJust College? A growing problem in todayÃ¢â¬â¢s college culture is binge drinking and sexual assault. More and more teenagers in college are becoming sucked into this idea of drinking to get drunk. While the legal age is 21, it is not realistic to attempt to eradicate underage drinking from college campuses. However, the dangers of binge drinking can be catastrophic. And for parents, especially female parents, their greatest fear is someone abusing their child as the send them away to college. In generalRead MoreThe Repeal Of The National Minimum Drinking Age927 Words Ã |Ã 4 Pagesconsumption age. After the passage of the twenty-sixth Amendment, which lowered the national drinking age to eighteen, thirty states had lowered the minimum drinking age to eighteen, nineteen, or twenty (Ã¢â¬Å"ProhibitionÃ¢â¬ ). In 1984, the enactment of the National Minimum Drinking Age Act prompted states to raise the legal age for purchase of public possession of alcohol to twenty-one or risk losing million s in federal highway funds. By 1988, all fifty states had raised the minimum drinking age to twenty-one.Read MoreGraduation Speech : College Students974 Words Ã |Ã 4 PagesCollege students have two choices when it comes to spring break, either go home or to go on a wild vacation with their friends. I recently had to make a similar choice between going to Destin, Florida, which includes partying with my friends or going home to Chicago, Illinois to rest. In order to make a decision it was best to compare and contrast my two choices. There are few things in common that both options offered. Brinda Patel of The List offers a few of these. First, I will not be in classRead MoreThe Minimum Drinking Age Act Of 19841407 Words Ã |Ã 6 Pagesthe United States Congress passed the National Minimum Drinking Age Act of 1984. Signed by President Ronald Regan, which requires that states prohibit people under the age of 21 from purchasing or publicly process alcoholic beverages as a condition of receiving State highway funds. Initially intended as a comprehensive approach to reduce the number of alcohol related deaths on the nations highways. Not prohibiting a person under 21 from drinking under certain exceptions some such as religious purposesRead MoreAn Inside Look at Hazing1366 Words Ã |Ã 5 Pageshazing is among male college athletes, many people are surprised by the statistics surroundings this controversial topic. For instance in 1989-1999, of a survey of over 350,000 athletes, 250,000 plus said they had experience d hazing of some sort during their time with their associated team. One in five of these students experienced potentially illegal hazing including binge drinking, sexual acts, and destruction and vandalizing of property. Half of these men were involved in drinking contests or otherRead MoreThe Effects Of Lowering The Drinking Age1426 Words Ã |Ã 6 PagesFor years, underage drinking is perhaps one of the most controversial topics of our generation. Why do our young people disobey this law? Are they lost? Who will answer the call of the lost? Having the age to drink legally at the age of 21 may seem like it would never be disobeyed; however, over time, underage drinking has become more and more prevalent. In todayÃ¢â¬â¢s society, a few choice young people have grown to control the desire to break the law to consume alcohol while at the appropriate ageRead MoreEssay on Alcoholism and Alcohol Abuse2432 Words Ã |Ã 10 Pagesalthough trendier substances such as cocaine are often gi ven more attention in the headlines (Carla Felsted, p. vii). Furthermore, it is widely acknowledged that drinking alcohol is a part of the youth culture in America; it may also be understood as a culturally conditioned and socially controlled behavior. In my generation drinking among underage kids is blamed on peers, accessibility, and adulthood. Ã¢â¬Å"Research shows that about 10 million Americans between ages 12 to 20 years had at least oneRead More Binge Drinking On Americas Campuses Essay2203 Words Ã |Ã 9 PagesBinge Drinking on Americas Campuses On any Friday or Saturday night, the average college student is usually drinking, dancing and out having fun. They typically party with friends at fraternity parties, bars, and clubs; and unfortunately most of these students are underage, consuming excessive amounts of alcohol or Binge Drinking. Binge drinking results in several detrimental outcomes, some are even fatal. Today this type of drinking is rampant on educational campuses everywhere. Large andRead MoreBinge Drinking on Americas Campuses2308 Words Ã |Ã 10 PagesBinge Drinking on America s Campuses On any Friday or Saturday night, the average college student is usually drinking, dancing and out having fun. They typically party with friends at fraternity parties, bars, and clubs; and unfortunately most of these students are underage, consuming excessive amounts of alcohol or Binge Drinking. Binge drinking results in several detrimental outcomes, some are even fatal. Today this type of drinking is rampant on educational campuses everywhere. Large and
Wednesday, December 11, 2019
How did life in the South change for blacks and whites politically, economically, and socially after the Civil War? Civil War members of Congress tried to destroy the white power structure of the Rebel States. There was a bureau created to protect the interests of former slaves called The FreemanÃ¢â¬â¢s Bureau on March 3, 1865. It helped them find jobs, get a better education and create better health facilities. The bureau spent around $17,000,000 to build 4,000 schools and over 100 hospitals and gave homes and food to former slaves.After rejecting the Reconstruction plan of President Andrew Johnson, the Republican Congress enacted laws and Constitutional amendments that empowered the federal government to enforce the principle of equal rights, and gave blacks the right to vote and hold office. The new Southern governments confronted violence from the Ku Klux Klan and similar groups. In time, the North abandoned its commitment to protect the rights of the former slaves, Reconstruction came to an end, and white supremacy was restored throughout the South. We will write a custom essay sample on Reconstruction After the Civil War or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Most of this century, Reconstruction was widely viewed as an era of corruption and misgovernment, supposedly caused by allowing blacks to take part in politics. This point of view helped to justify the Souths system of racial segregation and denying the right of blacks to vote, which survived into the 1960s. Today, as a result of extensive new research and profound changes in American race relations, historians view Reconstruction far more favorably, as a time of genuine progress for former slaves and the South as a whole. For all Americans, Reconstruction was a time of fundamental social, economic, and political change.
Wednesday, December 4, 2019
President Franklin D. Roosevelt was the 32nd president of the United States of America. He ascended to power in 1933 and ruled for three terms up to 1945. Roosevelt succeeded the Republican Herbert Hoover in the November 1932 elections and was re-elected two more times as president of the United States (Polenberg 52). Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Era of Franklin D. Roosevelt specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More He was the party leader of the Democratic Party and during his tenure as the president of the United States; he influenced a number of policies that laid the foundation for the American liberalism in the 20th century. When he took office, America was undergoing a tough economic meltdown and the entire world was affected. President Roosevelt made a number of promises before taking office and most of his credits as a good leader are pegged on his ability to keep his word. During his first hundred days in office, Roosevelt had already created the National Recovery Administration, The Agricultural Adjustment Administration the Tennessee Valley Authority and the Civilian Conservation Corps (Polenberg 39). By September, he had a revolving pension plan functioning to cater for the aging population. Most importantly, Roosevelt ascended into law the spending meant to combat the Ã¢â¬ËRoosevelt recessionÃ¢â¬â¢ (Polenberg 39). His fifth cousin, President Theodore Roosevelt whom he admired, influenced his political ambitions (Polenberg 39). Nonetheless, he was a good leader and his policies are one of the most evidences that prove is worth. Although his presidency suffered a number of challenges, Roosevelt proposed and supported policies that led the nation to recovery. In his first hundred days in office for instance, almost every bank was closing up and almost 13 million people were unemployed. His proposal and enactment of the Tennessee valley authority helped the nation to recover t he economic depression as well as bringing relief to the unemployed (Polenberg 40). Although the nation was gradually recovering out of the looming economic depression, some businesspersons and bankers were casting aspersions on the sustainability of RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s programs. However, Roosevelt responded by formulating new programs including the social security program. Advertising Looking for essay on history? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Taxation was part of RooseveltÃ¢â¬â¢s plan to restructure economic stability in the United States. He placed heavier taxes on the wealthy and introduced controls and regulations in the banking industry as well as in the public utilities (Polenberg 39). In addition, he also introduced a work relief program that was meant to benefit and cater for the unemployed. In his second re-election, Roosevelt sought to enlarge the Supreme Court but his proposal was defeated (Polenberg 53). He wan ted to gain the authority so that the government would legally be mandated to regulate the economy (Polenberg 48). To keep the economy at a recovering speed, Roosevelt worked very hard to maintain neutrality during the war in Europe. He was instrumental in the planning of a united nation, which was meant to resolve international conflicts. Roosevelt valued peaceful interactions between countries looking at it as the best way to build a better economy. The decision of President Roosevelt to imprison 100,000 Japanese American civilians led a 2% drop in unemployment (Polenberg 39). This also led to the drop of relief programs causing the industrial economy to rise at a very high rate. Other opportunities arose because of the war centers as a number of Americans joined the military (Polenberg 52). A record 16 million men and 300, 000 women were engaged in the military as either militants or volunteer. Roosevelt is considered one of the most highly rated presidents in the history of Am erica. Roosevelt economic plans were very successful in helping the United States of America to recover the economic disaster that had befallen it. On the onset of his first term, he went into office oblivious of the challenges ahead and as the records have shown, he seemed to have been quite prepared for the task. Herbert Hoover was accused of poor leadership and blamed for the economic failure. By the end of his term, the American people were eager for a new type of leadership and government that would work for them. Roosevelt understood the needs of the people and was fully prepared to fix the problems caused by his predecessor.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on The Era of Franklin D. Roosevelt specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More This paper has discussed some of the measures taken by the 32nd president of the united states, who is also one of the most celebrate president of all times, to fix the economy. The easy has discussed widely the events that led to his success in helping the United States to recover from the worst economic meltdown in the history of America. As discussed in the essay, Roosevelt was very practical in dealing with the economy that he championed very unpopular programs that helped to bring the economy back in shape. Although he ascended to power at the depth of the greatest economic downfall, he left office with a good record of having revived the economy to better heights than he found it. This gave him the unique opportunity to rule as president for three consecutive terms an event that has never happened before and ever since. Works Cited Polenberg, Richard. The Era of Franklin D. Roosevelt, 1933-1945: A Brief History with Documents (Bedford Series in History Culture), New York, NY: Bedford/St. MartinÃ¢â¬â¢s, 2000. Print. This essay on The Era of Franklin D. Roosevelt was written and submitted by user YoungX-Men to help you with your own studies. You are free to use it for research and reference purposes in order to write your own paper; however, you must cite it accordingly. You can donate your paper here.